“Lanete being part of our team now gives us a lot of spacing, particularly round AD (Durham) who’s probably going to be double teamed majority of the time every time he catches the ball so having him here as an addition to our team, really helps our spacing and outside shooting,” Meralco head coach Norman Black said.“When I got traded, they told me right away that needed a shooter and that’s the role I’m going to fill. I just hope I’ll be able to stay healthy,” Lanete said.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Indian national gunned down in Camarines Sur Delly aware of Gilas’ talent as Aussies battle Filipinos in World Cup qualifying OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson LeBron James scores 31 points, Lakers beat Rockets McGregor blasts Cerrone in 40 seconds in UFC return ‘I’m out!’: PewDiePie releases last video before taking break from YouTube LATEST STORIES Kawhi Leonard, Clippers rally to beat Pelicans But in Meralco’s opening game in the 2017 Governors’ Cup, a healthy Lanete gave his new team a preview of what he’s capable of after sparking a 107-78 blowout of Blackwater.“I’m happy that I had a good first game, but hopefully, I can be consistent,” said Lanete.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’Lanete scored 12 of his 15 points in the first half and made all of his baskets from downtown.The former San Beda star gives Meralco more offensive options and creates opportunities for his teammates as well especially to import Allen Durham, who draws a lot of attention inside. Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ PBA IMAGESGarvo Lanete finally showed on Saturday night why he was brought in by Meralco last conference.The Bolts acquired Lanete in a four-team deal two months ago, but the second-year guard only played for a game due to an injury.ADVERTISEMENT 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite View comments MOST READ
Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Recto seeks to establish Taal rehab body to aid community, eruption victims Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina MOST READ Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Scarlett Johansson, Sterling K. Brown among SAG Awards presenters Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Cabuyao City rising above the ashes through volunteerism Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ LATEST STORIES Isaiah Thomas will need 4 months to recover from hip surgery Chivas Regal and fans of the Chivas Fight Club join Gennady “GGG” Golovkin (R) and Canelo Álvarez as they discuss their anticipated rematch at LA LIVE on February 27, 2018 in Los Angeles, California. Rich Polk/Getty Images for Chivas Regal/AFPLAS VEGAS — Nevada boxing regulators have filed a formal complaint against Canelo Alvarez for doping violations, putting his May 5 middleweight title rematch with Gennady Golovkin in jeopardy.Alvarez could be suspended for a year for testing positive twice for the performance-enhancing drug Clenbuterol in random urine tests conducted in his hometown of Guadalajara, Mexico, in February.ADVERTISEMENT An April 18 hearing was set on the complaint by the Nevada State Athletic Commission, replacing an earlier April 10 hearing that had been set. The hearing is just two weeks before the fight, making it doubtful the fight will proceed on that date.Nevada boxing regulations call for a one-year ban for first violations, though it can be cut in half at the commission’s discretion. Even if Alvarez gets a six-month suspension, the fight would not take place until August at the earliest.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown In Liverpool, Man United sees the pain and path to recovery Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Conor McGregor seeks to emerge from controversy in UFC comeback
Bandari FC’s Abdallah Hassan reacts after scoring his first goal against Nakumatt FC in a Kenyan Premier League clash on April 29, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluBut they got into the lead in the 62nd minute with Hassan dribbling his way into the box and unleashing a bullet of a shot from his left foot that bounced against the inside of the upright before going in.Almost immediately, Nicholas Mejja came close to scoring against his former employers with a scorching freekick from range but it went over.With 10 minutes left on the clock, Bandari had a chance to seal the win off a counter attack but Wadri could not beat Indeche one on one while Shabaan Kenga took too many touches off the rebound allowing the Nakumatt players to fall back and recover.The hosts piled pressure in the final minutes of the game but they could not get back on level terms, the loss sinking them further in relegation.0Shares0000(Visited 4 times, 1 visits today) Bandari who drew at home against Zoo Kericho in midweek came determined to get back to winning ways and they were off to a flier with Hassan striking the back of the net within the first 10 minutes of the game.However, the determined Nakumatt who are seeking to get off the basement of the standings made a response in the 22nd minute from the penalty spot after Bernard Odhiambo handled inside the box. Mukhekhe stepped forward to send Farouk Shikhalo the wrong way and restore parity.On the other end, Bandari almost went back into the lead with a free kick from a favorable position but David King’atua’s left foot curler went over.It wasn’t a half of many chances and the only other opportunity at goal that was presented was a William Wadri shot off a Hassan pass that went over.In the second period, the visitors once again started faster off the blocks and just six minutes in, they came close with a Collins Agade shot which was however well collected by Lucas Indeche.-Hassan double 0Shares0000Bandari FC skipper Shabaan Kenga attempts to go past Nakumatt’s Faina Jacobs during a Kenyan Premier League clash at the Kenyatta Stadium in Machakos on April 29, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluMACHAKOS, Kenya, Apr 29- Abdallah Hassan struck a brace as Bandari cemented their hold on third spot in the Kenyan premier League standings with a 2-1 win over Nakumatt FC at the Kenyatta Stadium in Machakos on Sunday afternoon.Hassan’s goals in either half in between Boniface Mukhekhe’s penalty saw the dockers extend to 22 points after 13 matches while Nakumatt’s winless run stretched to 10 matches.
Hull City midfielder Robert Snodgrass has started running in his summer campaign to get back to fitness.The left-footed playmaker suffered a serious knee ligament injury back in August against QPR, just over a month after joining the club from Norwich City.Surgery to reconstruct the ligaments was swiftly completed with between nine months to a year earmarked for rehabilitation.Snodgrass is now running, under the guidance of Hull’s medical staff, and continues his rehabilitation while the rest of the squad have a break over the summer.The former Leeds man will start his pitch-based rehab at the start of July but no date has been set on his return to first-team action. 1 Robert Snodgrass
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECoach Doc Rivers a “fan” from way back of Jazz’s Jordan Clarkson Alternate auto and limousine parking at Pasadena City College – Alternate auto and limousine parking is available at Pasadena City College, at Del Mar and Hill streets. Day-of-game limousine parking at the Rose Bowl is sold out. The cost for parking at PCC is $15 for autos and $50 for limousines. Fans can then take the free shuttle to the stadium and return to PCC on the shuttle after the game. The Pasadena City College parking lot will open at noon on Wednesday. Fans who need more information or information about alternative transportation to the Rose Bowl can call (626) 577-3101, or visit the Rose Bowl stadium Web site at www.rosebowlstadium.com. PASADENA – Heavy rains from the latest winter storm have forced the closure of public parking at Brookside Golf Course, which will limit already scarce parking for the Rose Bowl game Wednesday. Fans who decide to drive to the Rose Bowl should plan for significant delays and long walks to the stadium. The Pasadena Police Department and California Highway Patrol are urging fans to use the following transportation options: Gold Line Train Service – From the 210 Freeway west, exit Madre Avenue. Gold Line parking is just north of the 210. Fans can take the Gold Line train to the Memorial Park exit, with a short walk to Parsons Engineering at the corner of West Walnut Street and Fair Oaks Avenue (100 W. Walnut), where a shuttle service will take them to the stadium. Shuttle service from the Parsons lot begins at noon Wednesday. Fans can also park at Union Station (800 N. Alameda St. in Los Angeles), take the Gold Line train to the Memorial Park exit, and follow the same route as above. Fans who need Gold Line information can call (800) 266-6883. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Two Donegal schools have been shortlisted in this year’s Bord Gáis Energy Student Theatre Awards which take place on Wednesday, May 17th.The two Donegal schools have caught the attention of the judging panel and will now attend an exciting Awards ceremony in the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre in May.5th class student Gracie Trimble from Meenagowan National School has been shortlisted in the Best Short Scene Script category for her script titled ‘A Beautiful Couple’. The judges noted that the writer “shows wisdom beyond their years”. Crana College in Buncrana has been shortlisted in the Best Choreography category for its production of ‘Grace O’Malley Dance Drama’ by 4th year students. Judges praised the choreography for its “innovative use of Irish and modern dance”.On Wednesday 17 May 2017, shortlisted primary and secondary school students from across the county will gather at the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre for a special Awards ceremony where the winners will be announced.RTÉ presenter Eoghan McDermott will host the event with selected schools getting the opportunity to perform on Ireland’s largest theatre stage on the day, making it a magical experience they won’t forget!This is the fourth year of the hugely successful Awards which were set up by Bord Gáis Energy to recognise and reward participation in the dramatic arts in schools around Ireland. Over 1,000 schools have taken part in the Awards since their launch in 2013 and last year saw over 2,000 students from counties across Ireland attend the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre for the celebratory Awards ceremony. Open to primary school pupils from 3rd – 6th class and all secondary school students, the Awards features 12 categories ranging from performance and production categories such as Best Overall School Musical, Best Costumes, and Best Performance in a Leading Role to written categories such as Best Dramatic Review and Best Short Scene Script. A new category, Best Original Production, has also been added to the 2017 Awards in appreciation of the exceptional quality of original productions entered in 2016.This year’s judging panel comprised of actress Amy Huberman; Dancing with the Stars Aoibhín Garrihy; best-selling novelist Sinéad Moriarty; writer and storyteller Dave Rudden; theatre designer Monica Frawley; manager of the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre Stephen Faloon; and Bord Gáis Energy Sponsorship Programme Manager Tanya Townsend.Commenting on the shortlist Irene Gowing from Bord Gáis Energy said: “Year on year the standard of entries blows us away, and this year has been no different! Entries across all categories have been so impressive meaning this year’s judges have had a very difficult task trying to narrow down our shortlist. On behalf of the judging panel, I would like to thank all of the Donegal schools who entered and congratulate the two schools shortlisted! We look forward to seeing them at the Awards ceremony on the 17 May 2017.”The full 2017 shortlist is available to view at www.BGESTA.ieDonegal schools shortlisted for Bord Gais Energy Student Theatre Awards was last modified: March 16th, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Bord Gaisdonegalschools
Get Raiders news in your inbox. Sign up now for the free Raiders HQ newsletter.ALAMEDA — Jared Cook is no stranger to peaceful protest, and the Raiders tight end thinks it’s unfortunate the NFL has made taking a stand into something sinister rather than something noble.Cook was one of five players on the St. Louis Rams who put their hands up in a “don’t shoot” gesture following the police shooting death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Mo., in 2014. It happened, coincidentally, …
Bill Basener and John Sanford recently critiqued Fisher’s Theorem, a long-trusted model for neo-Darwinism. Two evolutionary geneticists responded. Here is Part I their counter-response.Defending the validity and significance of the new theorem “Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection With Mutations, Part I: Fisher’s Impact– Bill Basener and John SanfordJoe Felsenstein and Michael Lynch (JF and ML) wrote a blog post, “Does Basener and Sanford’s model of mutation vs selection show that deleterious mutations are unstoppable?” Their post is thoughtful and we are glad to continue the dialogue. This is the first part of a response to their post, focusing on the impact of R. A. Fisher’s work. Our paper can be found at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00285-017-1190-xFirst, a short background on our paper:The primary thesis of our paper is that Fisher was wrong, in a fundamental way, in his belief that his theorem (“The Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection”), implied the certainty of ongoing fitness increase. His claim was that mutations continually provide variance, and selection turns the variance into fitness increase. Central to his logic was that collectively; mutations have a net zero effect on fitness. While Fisher assumed mutations are collectively fitness-neutral, it is now known that the vast majority of mutations are deleterious. So mutations can potentially push fitness down – even in the presence of selection.Additionally, we provided a new mathematical model for the process of mutation and selection over time, which comes in an infinite population version and a finite population version. The infinite population version uses a classical differential equations mutation/selection framework, with multiple reproducing subpopulations and mutations occurring between subpopulations, but incorporating a probabilistic distribution for mutation effects. The finite version is obtained by adding the constraint that any subpopulation with less than one organism is assumed to have no members.Our model is backed by a literature review in Section 2 of our paper (covering 9 pages with 71 citations), with Section 2.2 discussing previous infinite populations models and Section 2.3 focusing on finite ones. Our model is new in that it includes an arbitrary distribution of mutational effects, and we do not assume mutations are 50/50 beneficial /deleterious (as did Fisher), and we did not assume that all mutations have the same fixed effect (as with Lynch’s finite population models).Part I: Ronald A. Fisher’s Impact – First, let’s discuss Fisher and the critique by Felsenstein and Lynch of our work on Fisher’s Theorem, and its historical importance:In their critique, JF and ML do not dispute our logic regarding Fisher’s Theorem, but provide their perspective that Fisher’s contribution to population genetics and evolutionary theory was very limited. They say,“One of us (JF) has argued at The Skeptical Zone that they have misread the literature on population genetics. The theory of mutation and natural selection developed during the 1920s, was relatively fully developed before Fisher’s 1930 book. Fisher’s FTNS has been difficult to understand, and subsequent work has not depended on it. But that still leaves us with the issue of whether the B and S simulations show some startling behavior…”We respectfully disagree with their perspective that Fisher’s book and Theorem had only a minor impact. The book they refer to is “Genetical Theory of Natural Selection” (GTNS), which is where he published his FTNS Theorem. To begin with, Google Scholar lists that Fisher’s book, GTNS, has been cited 20,254 times – this is not insignificant.Below are some quotes from standard sources and leaders in the field that are consistent with our view that Fisher’s work, that his book GTNS contributed significantly to establishing the field of Population Genetics and his theorem FTNS was central to establishing Neo-Darwinian Theory.From the book Philosophy of Biology, (Section on Fisher written by Robert A. Skipper, Jr., 2007, p.44):“The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection is a point of departure in contemporaneous evolutionary thought, responsible in part for the origination of theoretical population genetics and what is commonly called the “modern synthetic theory of evolution.”this continues,“To be sure, Fisher’s work in statistics was revolutionary at the field’s conceptual foundation. Moreover, Fisher’s work in genetics, highlighted mainly by his 1930 The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, would, with good company in Haldane and Wright, revolutionize biology.”In his textbook Population Genetics, M. Hamilton writes:“Fisher’s 1930 book The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection established a rigorous mathematical framework that coupled Mendelian inheritance and Darwin’s quantitative model of natural selection.” (p. 204)And then calls Fisher’s book,“the first comprehensive treatment of natural selection that came out of the modern synthesis” (p. 206)In the book The Logic of Chance: The Nature and Origin of Biological Evolution, author Eugene V. Koonin (who has authored over 600 articles, is Senior Investigator at NIH, and editor-in-Chief of the journal Biology Direct) writes:“The foundations for the critically important synthesis of Darwinism and genetics were set in the late 1920s and early 1930s by the trio of outstanding theoretical geneticists: Ronald Fisher, Sewall Wright, and J. B. S. Haldane. They applied rigorous mathematics and statistics to develop an idealized description of the evolution of biological populations. The great statistician Fisher apparently was the first to see that, far from damning Darwinism, genetics provided a natural, solid foundation for Darwinian evolution. Fisher summarized his conclusions in the seminal 1930 book The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection (Fisher, 1930), a tome second perhaps only to Darwin’s Origin in its importance for evolutionary biology.5 This was the beginning of a spectacular revival of Darwinism that later became known as Modern Synthesis (a term mostly used in the United States) or neo-Darwinism (in the British and European traditions).”In the book The Mathematics of Darwin’s Legacy, P. Schuster writes,“Ronald Fisher, the great scholar of population genetics, presented the first mathematical unification of Darwin’s theory of natural selection and Mendel’s laws of inheritance .”In the abstract to the paper Fisher’s fundamental theorem of natural selection in Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Frank and Slatkin 1992):“Fisher’s Fundamental Theorem of natural selection is one of the most widely cited theories in evolutionary biology.”In his textbook, Theoretical Evolutionary Genetics, Joe Felsenstein writes,“Population genetics theory had its major developments in the 1920s-1940s (at the hands of Fisher, Wright, and Haldane)” (p. xvii)The Wikipedia article on Fisher describes his contribution:“In genetics, his work used mathematics to combine Mendelian genetics and natural selection; this contributed to the revival of Darwinism in the early 20th century revision of the theory of evolution known as the modern synthesis.”In 1930, The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection was first published by Clarendon Press and is dedicated to Leonard Darwin. A core work of the neo-Darwinian modern evolutionary synthesis, it helped define population genetics, which Fisher founded alongside Sewall Wright and J. B. S. Haldane”.The paper What was Fisher’s fundamental theorem of natural selection and what was it for? In Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (Plutynski, 2006) is probably the best thoroughly researched single source on Fisher’s theorem says:“Fisher (1918, 1922) proposed a new way of picturing populations of organisms…. Starting with this novel conception, Fisher, Haldane, and Wright developed models of the genetics of populations.”And then,“Moreover, this analogy allowed Fisher to vindicate Darwin’s theory of natural selection, not by empirical demonstration, but by a mathematical argument to the effect that evolution was not only possible, but also necessary” p.75.The quotes above from Plutynski give some good perspective on Fisher’s different contributions. His 1918,1922 papers were foundational to population genetics. His 1930 GTNS book was an additional significant contribution to population genetics, and his FTNS was seen as vindicating Darwin’s theory, giving what was perceived as a rigorous argument that (Darwinian) evolution is necessary, given Mendelian genetics. The Plutynski paper is an insightful read, describing Fisher’s goals as follows:“Fisher’s book, and the theorem in particular, is best understood as a continuation of his attempt to breach the divide between biometricians and Mendelians concerning the nature of heredity and the effectiveness of Darwinian selection. His motivation in almost all his work was to explain how it was possible to resolve this conflict, and to vindicate Darwinian selection as both a plausible and necessary cause of evolutionary change.”Alan Grafen provides the following quote from William Hamilton describing Fisher’s Genetical Theory of Natural Selection:“This is a book which, as a student, I weighed as of equal importance to the entire rest of my undergraduate BA course and, through the time I spent on it, I think it notched down my degree. Most chapters took me weeks, some months; … And little modified by molecular genetics, Fisher’s logic and ideas still underpin most of the ever broadening paths by which Darwinism continues its invasion of human thought. For a book that I rate only second in importance in evolution theory to Darwin’s ‘‘Origin’’ (this as joined with its supplement, ‘‘of Man’’), and also rate as undoubtedly one of the greatest books of the present century, the appearance of a variorum version is a major event. … By the time of my ultimate graduation, will I have understood all that is true in this book and will I get a First? I doubt it. In some ways some of us have overtaken Fisher; in many, however, this brilliant, daring man is still far in front.’” (Hamilton; dust-jacket of Fisher, 1930b).Richard Dawkins ranks Fisher the greatest biologist since Darwin:“Who is the greatest biologist since Darwin? That’s far less obvious, and no doubt many good candidates will be put forward. My own nominee would be Ronald Fisher. Not only was he the most original and constructive of the architects of the neo-Darwinian synthesis. Fisher also was the father of modern statistics and experimental design. He therefore could be said to have provided researchers in biology and medicine with their most important research tools, as well as with the modern version of biology’s central theorem.”These quotes from a variety of sources support the tenet stated in the first sentences of our paper:“R. A. Fisher was one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century. He is considered to be the singular founder of modern statistics and simultaneously the principle founder of population genetics (followed by Haldane and Wright). Fisher was the first to establish the conceptual link between natural selection and Mendelian genetics. This paved the way for what is now called neo-Darwinian theory.” – Basener and Sanford, 2017Central to our paper is that Fisher’s theorem, which Dawkins calls “biology’s central theorem” does not imply what Fisher thought it did (and by extension what many others thought it did). To clarify Fisher’s error, we distinguish between Fisher’s actual theorem (what he actually proved), and “Fisher’s Corollary”, which was unproven, and was really just an informal thought experiment based on his assumption that mutations have zero net effect on fitness. This corollary has clearly been falsified, which is essential to the popular concept that mutations simply supply genetic variance and natural selection converts this variance into ongoing increased fitness.While Fisher’s Theorem is mathematically correct, his Corollary is false. The simple logical fallacy is that Fisher stated that mutations could effectively be treated as not impacting fitness, while it is now known that the vast majority of mutations are deleterious, providing a downward pressure on fitness. Our model and our correction of Fisher’s theorem (The Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection with Mutations), take into account the tension between the upward force of selection with the downward force of mutations.Our correction challenges a tradition central tenet of Neo-Darwinism. It is often viewed that the upward force of selection acts without consideration of the downward force of mutations. See, for example, the quote from Gould still taken as :“The core of this synthetic theory restates the two most characteristic assertions of Darwin himself: first, that evolution is a two-stage process (random variation as raw material, natural selection as a directing force); secondly, that evolutionary change is generally slow, steady, gradual, and continuous. . . Orthodox neo-Darwinians extrapolate these even and continuous changes to the most profound structural transitions in life.” (Gould 1980)We agree (apparently) with JF and ML that Fisher’s theorem has serious flaws. The theorem was not clearly written, and is mathematically correct but with very limited application. One of the most respected papers on Fisher’s FTNS was written by G. Price in 1972, which we quote in our paper as follows:“Also, he [Fisher] spoke of the “rigour” of his derivation of the theorem and of “the ease of its interpretation”. But others have variously described his derivation as “recondite” (Crow and Kimura 1970), “very difficult” (Turner 1970), or “entirely obscure” (Kempthorne 1957). And no one has ever found any other way to derive the result that Fisher seems to state. Hence, many authors (not reviewed here) have maintained that the theorem holds only under very special conditions, while only a few (e.g.. Edwards 1967) have thought that Fisher may have been correct—if only we could understand what he meant! …here that this latter view is correct. Fisher’s theorem does indeed hold with the generality that he claimed for it. The mystery and the controversy result from incomprehensibility rather than error.”At issue is that even though the flaws in Fisher’s theorem have been knowable for a long time, it has still been used as strong support for Neo-Darwinian Theory. In the quote from Gould above, mutations add raw material of variation, and selection turns variation into increase in fitness (evolutionary progress); selection is assumed to act as an upward force without considering the downward force of mutations. This is strongly linked to Fisher’s Corollary. Despite the known flaws with Fisher’s work (known at least within the population genetics community), there is still a common perception that selection acts on mutations to maximize fitness as Fisher described. As stated in the abstract of a recent 2016 paper Natural Selection and the maximization of fitness, on expansions of Fisher’s FTNS and Darwinism, by J Birch of the University of Cambridge:“The notion that natural selection is a process of fitness maximization gets a bad press in population genetics, yet in other areas of biology the view that organisms behave as if attempting to maximize their fitness remains widespread. “Conclusions:R. A. Fisher was one of the three founders of population genetics, and is considered by many to be the first and primary founder. His Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection contributed significantly to a “revival of Darwinism” (see Koonin quote above and Wikipedia). His theorem has been considered by many a significant and rigorous support for the Neo-Darwinian Theory (see quotes above).Our paper shows that Fisher’s corollary is clearly false, and that he misunderstood the implications of his own theorem. He incorrectly believed that his theorem was a mathematical proof that showed that natural selection plus mutation will necessarily and always increase fitness. He also believed his theorem was on a par with a natural law (such as entropic dissipation and the second law of thermodynamics). Because Fisher did not understand the actual fitness distribution of new mutations, his belief in the application of his “fundamental theorem of natural selection” was fundamentally and profoundly wrong – having little correspondence to biological reality. Therefore, we have reformulated Fisher’s model and have corrected his errors, thereby have established a new theorem that better describes biological reality, and allows for the specification of those key variables that will determine whether fitness will increase or decrease.—To be continued.Note: This response has also been posted on The Skeptical Zone, where Felsenstein and Lynch initially posted their critique.Update 3/20/18: Joe Felsenstein has issued a response to two of three points at The Skeptical Zone.(Visited 534 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Founder and creative director of Stoned Cherrie, Nkensani Nkosi at the 2008 Audi Joburg Fashion Week. A Stoned Cherrie creation showcased at the 2008 Audi Joburg Fashion Week. (Images: African Fashion International) Stoned Cherrie is famous for its unique urban Afro-chic designs. (Image: Stoned Cherrie)Khanyi MagubaneStoned Cherrie, a top South African fashion label, has received a prestigious opportunity to break into the international fashion scene. This comes after an invitation to showcase its work at New York’s Fashion Week.The fashion extravaganza will take place from 13 to 20 February at different venues in Bryant Park, New York.The showcase will form part of the inaugural This Day/Arise Magazine: African Fashion Collective 2009.The initiative is the brainchild of entrepreneur Nduka Obaigbena, publisher and editor-in-chief Arise magazine and publisher of the This Day newspaper.Talking about the impending New York trip, Nkensani Nkosi, founder and creative mind behind the brand, says she’s elated, “I’m incredibly excited about this opportunity. I’ve always dreamt about having this kind of platform for Stoned Cherrie and it launches us directly onto a world stage.”Nkosi says this will give avid fashion lovers, who don’t normally engage themselves with African fashion or current affairs, the opportunity to see that Africa has been blessed with a unique and rich diversity of indigenous cultures, which is evident in its fashion.“It’s a fantastic opportunity for us to showcase the amazing things happening in South Africa.“People continue to have a stereotypical view of Africa as the “dark continent” and it will be great to challenge that.”To create the perfect show from start to finish, Jan Malan, of local events company Umzingeli Productions, has been selected as the show’s producer.“Nduka Obaigbena is a visionary. The timing is right for this show and we can expect more of these initiatives from him.“I am only too honoured to be selected to produce this show and believe wholeheartedly in promoting a positive face of Africa to the international community.”As part of the Woolworths range of clothing and its roaring local success, the Stoned Cherrie brand was a natural choice for the show.According to the organisers, Nkosi is market ready due to her experience and success with the brand, which played a pivotal role during the selection process.Malan says he believes Nkosi will bring a unique flavour to the show, “She will be the only South African designer and will bring a unique, yet very modern South African aesthetic to the show.”Three other African designers have been chosen to participate in the This Day/Arise Magazine showcase alongside Stoned Cherrie.Well known Nigerian designers MOMO and Tiffany Amber as well as Xuly Bet, the world-renowned Paris-based Malian are set to wow audiences with their infusion of urban Afro-chic.Accompanying the designers to add to the African spectacle is Mozambican music producer Dino Moran, who has been appointed musical director for the show.The 2008 winner of the M-Net’s Face of Africa model search competition, Ghanaian Kate Menson, will also make her New York catwalk debut.SA fashion rocking the worldStoned Cherrie’s invitation to showcase its range abroad is indicative of the success and respect the South African fashion industry has accumulated on the continent and the rest of the globe.The City of Tshwane municipality, which governs Pretoria, is one of the country’s avid fashion supporters.In 2006, the Tshwane Metro and the Tunisian Embassy embarked on a joint venture to promote African culture and fashion.Called Fashion in Africa, the project is a public-private partnership for economic development in the city.The first show was cleverly put together in an aircraft hangar, sponsored by Precision Aviation Services at the Wonderboom Airport. It took place on 5 and 6 May 2006.Fashion designers from both South Africa and Tunisia participated in the event.The venture also included a competition component, where young designers – one from South Africa and another from Tunisia – each received the Executive Mayor’s Best Young Designer Award.Second year fine arts students at the University of Pretoria were specifically asked to enter this competition. The winning prize included a bronze sculpture.Gaining the respect and admiration from the world market is however not South African designers’ only ambition. It’s evident that locals are also huge supporters.Organisations such as African Fashion International, under the leadership of doctor- turned-fashion mogul Precious Moloi-Motsepe, oversee the smooth running of the number of fashion weeks in South Africa.Each year the country hosts four major fashion events, namely the Audi Joburg Fashion Week, the MTN Durban Fashion Week, Joburg Fashion Week and the Cape Town Fashion Week.The Audi Joburg Fashion Week recently took place from 21 to 24 January at the Sandton Convention Centre.Top South African designers including Machere, David Tlale and Leigh Schubert showcased their work.Spokesperson for the show Evan Schiff said the move to bring fashion week forward – it was traditionally in March – was to allow fashion publications to cover the event in time for it their autumn and winter issues.Do you have any queries or comments about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: email@example.com Related articlesAfrican fashion takes Paris African shoes with soul Useful linksStoned CherrieAudi Joburg fashion weekMTN Durban Fashion weekCape Town Fashion weekJoburg Fashion week
The Pro Kabaddi League 2019 season 7 match number 72 will be played between Telugu Titans and Tamil Thalaivas on Monday at the Sree Kanteerava Stadium in Bengaluru. The PKL 2019 match between two teams will be the second match of the day. The Pro Kabaddi League season 7 Telugu Titans vs Tamil Thalaivas fixture will start at 8.30PM. Telugu Titans have played 11 matches so far and have won only thrice. They will depend on their best raider Siddharth Desai and defender Vishal Bhardwaj against Tamil Thalaivas. Meanwhile, Tamil Thalaivas will look to produce a composed performance against Telugu Titans.The Bengaluru leg of Pro Kabaddi League season 7 is underway. Day 2 of week seven will witness two matches. The first match of the day will see Puneri Paltan take on Haryana Steelers at 7.30PM. Fans will see Telugu Titans lock horns with Tamil Thalaivas in the second match of the day, which is scheduled to start at 8.30PM. This year twelve teams have participated in PKL 2019. The teams are Bengal Warriors, Bengaluru Bulls, Dabang Delhi KC, Gujarat Fortunegiants, Haryana Steelers, Jaipur Pink Panthers, Patna Pirates, Puneri Paltan, Tamil Thalaivas, Telugu Titans, U Mumba and UP Yoddha. What time will Pro Kabaddi League 2019 Telugu Titans vs Tamil Thalaivas match start?The 72th match of PKL 2019 is scheduled to start at 8.30PM. The match between Telugu Titans and Tamil Thalaivas will be played at the Sree Kanteerava Stadium in Bengaluru.Where to watch Pro Kabaddi League 2019 Telugu Titans and Tamil Thalaivas on TV?The PKL season 7 Telugu Titans and Tamil Thalaivas clash can be viewed on the television sets on sports channel Star Sports 1 and Star Sports 1 HD.Where to watch Pro Kabaddi League 2019 Telugu Titans vs Tamil Thalaivas match on live streaming?The live streaming of the Telugu Titans and Tamil Thalaivas, Pro Kabaddi League 2019 will be available on Hotstar. Get the best of News18 delivered to your inbox – subscribe to News18 Daybreak. Follow News18.com on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Telegram, TikTok and on YouTube, and stay in the know with what’s happening in the world around you – in real time. pro kabaddi 2019Pro Kabaddi League 2019Pro Kabaddi League 2019 Live StreamingTamil Thalaivas First Published: September 2, 2019, 5:00 PM IST