Believing machines can outdo people may fuel acceptance of selfdriving cars

first_imgIn order for self-driving cars to hit the streets, more people may need to concede that machines can outperform humans, at least in some tasks, according to Penn State researchers. In a survey, people who had no trouble believing that machines can outperform humans—also called posthuman ability—were more likely to accept the presence of driverless cars on the highway. The findings may help carmakers design self-driving cars, as well as help policy makers better understand the factors behind the acceptance of autonomous vehicles, a concept that has caused considerable debate, according to S. Shyam Sundar, James P. Jimirro Professor of Media Effects and affiliate of Penn State’s Institute for CyberScience (ICS).”There are two camps—one camp is very strongly in favor of these kinds of smart technologies, such as self-driving cars, and the other, which has grave concerns about giving control to machines, especially for vital tasks like this,” said Sundar, who is also the co-director of the Media Effects Research Laboratory at the Donald P. Bellisario College of Communications.According to the researchers, some people have a knee-jerk reaction that gives them faith in the effectiveness of computers and machines. That faith carries over to systems that can drive cars, said Sundar, who worked with Andrew Gambino, a doctoral candidate in mass communication.”In this study, the strongest predictor for accepting self-driving cars was posthuman ability, the belief that computers can surpass humans in this particular task,” said Gambino, the lead author of the study. “We have come to a point now where we should no longer be talking about machines approximating humans in their ability, but, rather, outperforming humans. In the sense of safety, in reliability, in doing tasks without becoming tired, there are many arguments to be made that machines have transcended human abilities.”Posthuman ability had about twice the effect on the acceptance of self-driving cars as other beliefs found significant in the survey, such as the idea that self-driving cars are cool, or a person’s general openness toward new technologies.The strength of the posthuman effect may allow designers to re-envision the interiors of self-driving cars, according to the researchers. Steering wheels, which have been standard in cars for more than a century, could be eliminated to make room for interactive devices or interfaces, the researchers suggested. If you believe that machines can out-do people in certain activities, you might be more likely to accept self-driving cars on the roads — and that may lead to new interior design changes for these vehicles, according to Penn State researchers. Credit: PXHere Citation: Believing machines can out-do people may fuel acceptance of self-driving cars (2019, May 9) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-believing-machines-out-do-people-fuel.html Provided by Pennsylvania State University “Designers may need to think in a different way, for example there’s no need to design in-car and dashboard interfaces based on what a human driver would normally use,” Sundar said. “Keep in mind, the participants also say they like the agency and convenience of autonomous vehicles and they do like the fun aspect as well, so the designer might want to add features on the dashboard that can bump up those things, including gamifying the transportation experience.”In lieu of traditional features and design elements that involve human interaction with the automobile (e.g., manual transmission clutch, pedals, hand-brakes), this space might be better utilized by systems that improve communication between the user, automobile and connected automobiles, according to Gambino.”For example, a graphical user interface that is tailored to self-driving cars might include information that visually situates the vehicle within the entire transportation system, showing other vehicles, speed, traffic, accidents and risk areas,” he said.The ability to communicate driver intent can enhance the individual’s sense of control, particularly in “high-stakes” moments, according to the researchers.”The removal of traditional features may heighten a sense of danger, but the design of interactive features that enhance driver agency and communicate the ability of self-driving cars may be practical solutions to improving their acceptance,” Gambino said.The belief in computer superiority has shaped interactions between humans and computers in the past, according to Sundar. For example, most people are no longer leery about using an electronic calculator to find the answer to a challenging math problem because people accept that calculators can perform better than humans at the task, Sundar said.The researchers, who report their findings today (May 8) at ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems held in Glasgow, U.K., also found that the men in the survey were more likely to accept self-driving cars than women. They added that liberals, compared to conservatives, were significantly more accepting of self-driving cars.The researchers also found that certain beliefs and assumptions will lower acceptance of self-driving cars. The fear that autonomous cars are dangerous, or the idea that they are just creepy, significantly increased the likelihood that a person would not accept self-driving cars.For the survey, the researchers recruited 404 participants through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, an online crowdsourcing website frequently used in studies. The participants filled out a questionnaire that sought demographic information and contained a series of questions about self-driving cars. Participants could also add comments to the researchers’ open-ended questions for additional reasons for accepting self-driving cars. Expectation versus reality in the acceptance of self-driving cars Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

In a huge setback Cong loses 12 MLAs to TRS

first_imgstate politics Published on COMMENT Telangana COMMENTS M SomasekharIn a big jolt, the Congress in Telangana suffered a vertical split, losing its main Opposition status in the Legislative Assembly and has been reduced to single digit for the first time.In dramatic developments, 12 of its total 19 MLAs submitted a signed letter to the Speaker, Pocharam Srinivas, urging him to merge the block into the ruling Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS). With this, the Congress’ strength fell to six in the 119-member Legislative.The Telangana Assembly Secretary issued a formal bulletin recognising the merger of the 12 Congress legislators into the TRS. Consequently, the Cong number has plummeted below the AIMIM’s strength — seven.Telangana Pradesh Congress Committee President Uttam Kumar Reddy had submitted his resignation to the Huzurnagar Assembly seat on Wednesday, after he won the Lok Sabha election to the Nalgonda constituency.At the same time, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), which won three seats, has also lost two of its MLAs, who have defected to the TRS. With this, the strength of the ruling party, led by K Chandrasekhar Rao, which had won a landslide victory in the December 2018 election bagging 88 seats, increases to 103. The AIMIM won seven, Congress six, the BJP and the TDP one each.Reacting to the major setback, Uttam Kumar Reddy found fault with the Speaker for first finding time to ‘secretly’ meet the defecting MLAs and then accepting the merger even while a petition was pending in the State High Court. “He did not take my call nor did he follow the procedures”, he argued.Earlier, the attempt by leaders of the Congress to protest was foiled by the police. Uttam Kumar Reddy said “We will fight judicially” and questioned the Speaker’s decision.The background storyThe troubles of the Congress began immediately after the poll drubbing at the hands of the TRS, despite fighting under the Praja Front alliance with the TDP, the TJS & the CPI. While a few of its victorious MLAs started defecting, many others were being weaned away. Uttam Kumar alleged that Chief Minister KCR was himself openly luring his partymen Even before the Lok Sabha elections on April 11, the party had at least 10 of its MLAs in the rival camp. While the leadership was nursing hopes of a reversal after winning four 4 Lok Sabha seats, the fast moves by the defectors and their acceptance into the TRS fold has come as a shock.In August 2013, reports were rife that in Telangana, the TRS was heading to a vertical split with nine of its 17 MLAs reportedly in talks with the Congress leadership, including Digvijay Singh, to defect. It gained credence as the Congress Working Committee had announced its decision to grant a separate Statehood for Telangana.The Congress was argued that it was engineering the defections as KCR, who was leading the agitation for Telangana from 2001 with his TRS, had promised to merge the party once the it announced Statehood.When the elections were held in 2014, the TRS and KCR came to power, while the Congress faced a rout. In 2019, KCR has gone one up by successfully splitting the Cong(I) and reducing it to a pathetic state in Telangana.As things stand with 103 seats and the alliance partner MIM as opposition and the BJP, TDP with one each and a by election, KCR and the TRS emerge with a virtual non-existent opposition, in India’s newest State. SHARE SHARE SHARE EMAIL June 06, 2019last_img read more

Striving on for betterment of society

first_img Related News Letters 10 Jul 2019 Clearing the air on refugees He regularly writes letters to newspapers highlighting community issues, besides assisting in soup kitchens, fighting for green lungs in the city and being involved in education.For example, Pola is a familiar face in the Taman Rimba Kiara development issue by virtue of being a TTDI Residents’ Association committee member and contributing his expertise to various government agencies.“Some of the issues highlighted have brought positive changes, such as parking woes at the TTDI morning market. “The parking spaces were previously taken up by motorists who worked nearby but now, market visitors benefit.“I may have retired but I have not retired from life, so there is no slowing down for me as far as contributing to the community is concerned. “Strangers have approached me at malls and the park, and told me that they enjoy reading my articles. “With that, I enjoy what I do as I find it fulfilling,” he said. These days, Pola devotes his time to the betterment of society by imparting writing skills to the public as well as being a motivational speaker on ageing gracefully. “I would like to thank those who made a difference in my life and contributed to where I am today, especially those who left footprints in my life,” he said. “I may have retired but I have not retired from life, so there is no slowing down for me as far as contributing to the community is concerned.” – Pola Singh Tags / Keywords: Central Region Related Newscenter_img FROM a civil servant to a green activist and educator, Pola Singh is a man who wears many hats. However, his most memorable experience was serving as a diplomat of the Asean Secretariat in Jakarta from 2002 to 2006.“Using my previous experience at the Economic Planning Unit of the Prime Minister’s Department, I was tasked with narrowing the gap between least developed countries and the rest of the Asean countries. “The task had impact as we firmed up the economic roots of the least developed countries. AdChoices广告“It was very fulfilling for me as we put an effort to uplift the livelihood and well-being of the people and help them prosper through a series of programmes focused on their needs,” he said. Pola, who will turn 70 on Monday, is still going strong. {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} Nation 21 May 2019 MACC: Taman Rimba Kiara project graft probe reopened Pola is very involved in the Taman Rimba Kiara development issue as he sits on the committee of the TTDI Residents Association. — Photos: AZMAN GHANI/The Star Focus 27 Apr 2019 Transit homes which became permanentlast_img read more