Boll Weevils Back?

first_imgA year ago, agriculture officials declared the boll weevil nonexistent in Georgia. And partlybecause of the weevils’ demise, cotton acreage blossomed to almost 1.5 million acres this year. But as farmers harvest the most cotton acres since 1949, they may be giving their old nemesis anew lease on life. “This extremely high production has forced some growers to lease harvest equipment used in otherstates,” said Bill Lambert, an entomologist with the University of Georgia Extension Service. “The Boll Weevil Eradication program may not be complete or even started in those states,” hesaid, “and producers may be inadvertently bringing boll weevils back into Georgia cotton fields.” Other Southeastern states have the same problem. Boll weevils crossed the Rio Grande intoTexas cotton fields a century ago. Moving at about 25 miles per year, weevils arrived in Georgiafields in 1917. The state was considered fully infested in 1925. In the 1980s, the Boll Weevil Eradication Program helped turn the tide on the devastating insect. The Georgia eradication program began in 1987. It’s conducted and financed by the USDA Animaland Plant Health Inspection Service and regional and local producer associations. Now, only a few Georgia counties report seeing any boll weevils at all. But the pests could becomemore widespread as growers move harvesting equipment from infested states. Cotton bolls containing weevil grubs may lodge in harvesting equipment. “If a farmer cleans out apicker used in an infested field while he’s in a clean field,” Lambert said, “he may be releasing weevilsback into Georgia cotton.” Late in the season, female weevils lay eggs in unopened bolls. The grubs winter there until the nextspring, then emerge as adults and start reproducing. “It only takes two weevils to have the start ofan infestation,” Lambert said. A single fertile female can lay 200 to 250 eggs during her lifetime. A new generation emergesevery three weeks, allowing seven generations in Georgia’s growing season, from June 1 to Oct. 31. Lambert figures one reproducing pair can multiply into more than 12.8 quadrillion weevils in justone growing season. “That’s why it’s crucial to detect the insects early and get them under control,” hesaid. Weevils destroy the pulpy material inside the unopened boll — the part that eventually becomescotton fibers. They virtually wiped out crops all over the cotton belt in the 1920s and ’30s. “It’s in everyone’s best interest to keep weevil populations down in neighboring states,” Lambertsaid. Elimination plans include destroying any stalks or unopened bolls that remain in a field afterharvest. Plants left standing may not rot and then provide a safe wintering habitat for weevil grubs. Most farmers mow stalks right after harvest, but the stalks may keep growing and produce fruit thatcould harbor weevils. Lambert said growers should go a step further and harrow plants under. Georgia is in a containment phase of the eradication program. In July, officials placed one weeviltrap in every 10 acres of cotton. In any field where weevils are found, trap numbers are increased toone per acre and an intensive chemical insecticide treatment begun. While the pesticide quickly brings weevil populations under control, it also kills beneficial insects. “This is an emergency-type situation,” Lambert said. “The weevils must be brought under controlfirst. Then we help the producer handle any other control-related problems.” In the meantime, growers should be extra careful about bringing in out-of-state equipment. “We’re not positive that’s how they’ve come back in,” Lambert said, “but it’s a good place to startand strengthen preventive efforts.”last_img read more

Floods hit Jakarta after heavy rainfall in capital, upstream areas

first_imgFloods have inundated several parts of Jakarta due to heavy rainfall that occurred in the capital and its upstream areas on Monday. The authorities have also alerted residents near the Ciliwung riverbanks to stay cautious.The Jakarta Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) reported that 49 neighborhood units were still inundated by floodwaters as of Tuesday morning.The flooding ranged from 10 to 100 centimeters high in 23 areas of East Jakarta and from 10 to 80 cm high in 14 neighborhoods of West Jakarta. Meanwhile, 10 areas of South Jakarta as well as one area of each North and Central Jakarta were inundated by floodwaters from 20 to 50 cm high. Jakarta BPBD information and communication center head Raditya Jati said the most flooding had occurred in West Cengkareng subdistrict, Cengkareng, Banten, where the waters reached 10 to 30 cm high. Kompas.com also reported that, as of Tuesday morning, 32 roads in West Jakarta and North Jakarta were still inundated by floodwaters, including several roads in West Cengkareng, where the flooding was around 10 to 30 cm high.The regional disaster agency noted that 15 people had been forced out of their homes as a result of the floods. Read also: Rainy season to start at end of October: BMKGDisaster mitigation officers have prepared four evacuation points, namely Riyadhul Saadah Mosque in Kembangan Utara, West Jakarta, as well as PT Delta Laras Wisata’s office building, official residences and the Rawajati community health center in Rawajati, South Jakarta.“The daily weather forecast from the BMKG [Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency] has estimated that there will still be light rain in Jakarta today,” Raditya said in a statement on Tuesday.In Monday’s press conference, Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan said the capital’s upstream regions had also experienced heavy rain, causing the Katulampa sluice gate in Bogor, West Java to reach its highest warning level with the water level exceeding 200 cm for around 20 to 30 minutes.Following the warning level, Anies said he ordered authorities to alert residents around the banks of the Ciliwung River, which flows through Jakarta and West Java.“We are […] preparing shelters in case they get hit by a flood. And this time it’s a bit different because the shelters have to comply with COVID-19 health protocols,” Anies said, adding that water gates in the capital were supervised to ensure waters from the upstream region could run smoothly.Bogor Mayor Bima Arya also warned his residents near the Ciliwung River to be on alert, with the city having 13 subdistricts situated on the riverbanks.Topics :last_img read more

No friendships during test series – archer

first_img(BBC) – There will be “no friendships” between the West Indies players and England’s Jofra Archer during the sides’ upcoming Test series, says bowler Kemar Roach.Barbados-born bowler Archer, 25, played three times for West Indies Under-19s before opting to play for England.He played against West Indies at the 2019 World Cup but this summer’s series, starting on 8 July, would be the first time he will be facing them in Tests.“It is all about winning and playing hard cricket,” fellow Bajan, Roach, said.“Jofra has made his decision and is doing a fantastic job for his career.“There is no friendships with this series.”Archer has friends in the West Indies’ 30-man touring party, notably batsman Shai Hope and bowler Chemar Holder, and played alongside bowlers Alzarri Joseph and Preston McSween for West Indies Under-19s.Asked whether there would be extra words for Archer on the field during the Test series, Roach said: “We will see when that comes around. We will definitely see.”The three-match series will be played at bio-secure venues in Southampton and Manchester without spectators, something Roach said could help West Indies as the hosts will be without their usual vocal support.Roach expects the tourists to employ the same aggressive, hostile bowling methods used when his side beat England 2-1 in the Caribbean last year.“I don’t think our mode of attack will change much,” he said.“We saw [England’s batsmen] in the Caribbean and it is pretty fresh in our minds.“Once we get stuck into them we stand a great chance of beating England.”last_img read more

IAATO and Argentina collaborates on responsible tourism

first_imgAt a meeting organized by the International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO) and the Fuegian Institute of Tourism, an announcement was made on a collaboration between the Antarctic cruise industry and the Argentine government.It lays an emphasis on the future growth of Antarctic tourism and the corresponding needs of the city of Ushuaia, which serves as an important gateway to Antarctica for the industry.The Argentine authorities highlighted initiatives that will improve infrastructure and reduce operational costs, including fuel. They also assured IAATO Operators that building works to extend the pier at the Port of Ushuaia will cause minimal disruption to vessel operations.Raúl Enrique Gallo, Project Director Antarctic Cruises of the General Ports Administration, affirmed the government’s commitment to continuing discussions with IAATO about the development of tourism infrastructure in Ushuaia, proposing to meet with IAATO representatives on a monthly basis between November 2017 and May 2018.Terry Shaller from Ponant and Chair of Executive Committee, IAATO, said, “This level of engagement from the national government has given IAATO much optimism for the future. Working together will enable us to promote sustainable growth in the area for the benefit of the local economy and community, travellers, our members and the environment.”last_img read more