and in 2008DEVASTA

and in 2008, DEVASTATING EARTHQUAKE: The April 25.

Middle East?is indeed a reflection of Delhis reluctance to approach the region on its own terms Delhi would rather impose what it thinks are politically correct constructs on the Middle East Central to independent Indias narrative about the Middle East has been the anti-colonial theme Equally important has been the principle of solidarity with the Arabs in their prolonged conflict with Israel Indias Middle East mantrahoweverhas no solutions for dealing with the internal contradictions in the region Therein is the source of Indias enduring Middle East muddle Local rivalries and intra-state conflicts have always been part of political life in the Middle East Up until the 1970sDelhi was not entirely wrong in seeing them as secondary The problems for Indias Middle East policy emerged when the regional and internal contradictions began to acquire a salience all their own If India was flummoxed by the shifting regional coalitionsit was utterly unprepared for internal strife in the Arab states and its external consequences The first shock for Indias traditional narrative came from Saddam Husseins war against Iran in 1980 As the leader of the non-aligned movement and a neighbour to bothit seemed there was little India could do Caught between friend Saddam Hussein and the victim of his aggression the Islamic revolution in Iran Delhi was simply paralysed The second test for India came in 1990when Saddam Hussein invaded and occupied Kuwait Enamoured with Saddam HusseinIndia was quite prepared to overlook the elimination of Kuwait from the map of the world Delhihowevermade a colossal misjudgement in assuming that the rest of the region and the world would simply stand by Indiawhich could not condemn Saddams invasion of the Gulffound itself seething at the intervention against Iraq by the United States and an Arab coalition that included the troops of Egypt and Syria A third test came when Irans nuclear defiance forced India to take sides at the International Atomic Energy Agency during 2005-08 This period also coincided with Indias own efforts to end its three-decade-old nuclear isolation In pursuit of this interestIndia rightly voted against Iran three times at the IAEA But the decision had to be taken amidst fierce resistance within the Indian bureaucratic and political establishment Many in Delhi were quite convinced that standing up for Iran against the West was more important than securing Indias nuclear liberation While the United States had every incentive to frame the Iranian nuclear issue in its own termsthere was no reason for Delhi to have accepted it If India had taken an independent perspectiveit would have seen the Iranian nuclear programme in terms of regional balance The great powers and India can all live with an Iranian nuclear weapons programmebut Tehrans Arab neighboursespecially Saudi Arabiacant The nuclear dimension is only one element of the shifting balance of power reflected in the deepening Saudi-Iran regional rivalry Riyadh and Tehran are not the only powers shaping the new regional balance of power Turkeywith its growing weightis pursuing its own independent policy This new regional power play is further complicated by the sectarian Shia-Sunni divisions in the regionwhich are critical for understanding the current turbulence in the region While the Indian political classes are extremely sensitive to ethnic and minority politics at homethey refuse to acknowledge these issues staring at us in the Middle East In Syriathe minority Alawite sect has ruled with an iron hand over the Sunni majority In Iraqthe newly empowered Shia majority has begun to target the Sunni leaders and in Bahrainthe Sunni regime is unwilling to give the Shia majority its rights Indias recent posturing on non-interventionin Libya and Syriahas made little sense amidst the calls for intervention by the Arab League Those calls are not a discourse on abstract principles of sovereignty They are about targeting adversaries and mobilising great power partners to unseat hostile regimes What is unfolding in the Middle East is a consequential war in all but name Indias persistence with the North-South discoursein a paradoxunderlines Delhis inability to transcend the popular Western antinomies in the Middle East democracy versus dictatorshipsocial media versus censorshipsecularism versus theocracyrepublics versus monarchiesinterventions versus sovereigntyand proliferation versus non-proliferation The time has come for India to view the region through the cold lens of power politics Anything else would undermine Indias ability to secure its rapidly growing interests in the turbulent Middle East The vote on Syria at the UNSC is a good start The writer is a senior fellow at the Centre for Policy ResearchDelhi For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Updated: June 17 2016 12:28 am In this Saturday June 11 2016 file photo spectators try to escape from Russian supporters who went on a charge in the stands right after the Euro 2016 Group B soccer match between England and Russia at the Velodrome stadium in Marseille France (AP Photo) Top News TIf concerns of racism preceded the previous edition of the Euro co-hosted by Ukraine and Poland terror threats had set off fears in the build-up to the ongoing installment of Europe’s most glittering football gala But a less-organised more medieval evil of European football has resurfaced in France — hooliganism which for the most part of the last decade was a largely inconspicuous threat A week into an otherwise high-quality thrilling tournament it has mutated into an ugly monster trampling the very essence of the beautiful game making it a podium for extremists fans to showcase their rugby skills in bestially attacking each other sparking morbid fears among peace-loving spectators As the violence escalates and moves from Marseille to Lille this installment of Euro will in all likelihood be remembered for the toxic violence it spawned in the stands and the streets than the quality of play it has showcased on the manicured turfs Many will blame the prejudiced police tactics others the Russian provocation and some others the forever-intoxicated English fans and the ultras of Marseille who hurled smoke bombs at Atletico Bilbao supporters during a UEFA Cup clash Some will also question why a potentially volatile clash was scheduled in Marseille in the first place English fans would remember the clash between the locals and their supporters ahead of the opening fixture against Tunisia in the 1998 World Cup In skirmishes such as these the blame can’t be put squarely on one particular group Everyone from the UEFA to the French police to the extremists fans and the locals should accept the blame Heavy sanctions now await Russia and England but the UEFA too should do a bit of soul searching and accept their shortcomings in not preventing such violence More importantly they should now learn some lessons and not let such violence repeat and tarnish the image of their most prestigious event It’s a timely reminder for Russia too as in two years they will host the most grand footballing event on the planet For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Top NewsThane: Thane police on Tuesday registered a case of assault and abduction against former Congress MP Nilesh Rane – son of former Maharashtra Chief Minister Narayan Rane – and four others on the basis of a complaint filed by a Chiplun-based Congress worker However Nilesh denied the allegations Former Congress MP Nilesh Rane Getty Images Nobody has been arrested in the case yet as it would be transferred to the police at Chiplun said the PRO of city police Gajanan Kadbule The complainant Sandeep S Sawant the chief of Chiplun tehsil unit of Congress has been admitted to a hospital here According to Sawant Nilesh had organised a rally in Chiplun on the issue of reservations for the Maratha community on 24 April Nilesh had asked Sawant to be present for the rally with his supporters but Sawant could not attend it as his mother was sick On the night of 24 April Nilesh his personal assistant and his bodyguard went to Sawant’s house and abused him They also allegedly asked him to offload some luggage from their car and then put him in the car forcibly and drove off After reaching Mumbai on Mondaymorning Sawant was taken to Sindhudurg Bhavan at Andheri after Nilesh went to his house in Juhu Nilesh’s men allegedly beat Sawant up and locked him in a room at Sindhudurg Bhavan Nilesh arrived there later in the day and he too allegedly beat up Sawant with a hockey stick according to the complaint Police have registered a case against Nilesh and others under sections 323 (assault) 341 (wrongful restraint) 363 (kidnapping) and 506 (criminal intimidation) of the IPC Later Nilesh’s men drove Sawant to Jogeshwari and let him off He then reached Thane At present he is admitted at the ICU of Thane Civil Hospital However speaking to a news-channel Nilesh Rane denied that he ever assaulted Sawant "I have been working in Ratnagiri district for the last ten years Let anyone point out a single incident like this in the past I care for my party workers This is a political conspiracy to undermine the cause of Maratha reservations" he said He also alleged that Sawant had demanded some money from him and when he could not help him Sawant became party to this conspiracy by rival political parties Zagreb Croatia: One month after the body of 3-year-old Aylan Kurdi washed up on a Turkish beach — and a week after the European Union agreed to secure its borders — the migrant crisis has largely fallen off the front pages and reporters are going home But the human tide keeps rolling northward and westward and aid agencies are preparing for it to continue through the winter when temperatures along the migrant trail will drop below freezing They fear the crisis may get worse No end in sight to the wave of migrants/ AP "One thing is clear the movement is not going to die down" said Babar Baloch the UN refugee agency’s representative in the Balkans "What we are seeing right now . it’s just the tip of the iceberg" While over a half million people have crossed the Mediterranean to Europe this year more than double the figure for all of 2014 that is only a fraction of the people who are on the move Some 4 million have fled Syria after more than four years of civil war and 8 million have been displaced inside the country And it’s not just Syrians It’s Iraqis and Iranians Afghans and Eritreans The EU acknowledged the scale of the problem last week even after it approved a plan to toughen border controls and provide at least 1 billion euros ($11 billion) to help Turkey Lebanon and Jordan care for refugees living in their countries The first new border measures won’t take effect until November and a proposal for strengthening the EU border agency is due in December "Recently I visited refugee camps in Turkey and Jordan and I heard only one message — we are determined to get to Europe" European Council President Donald Tusk said after the agreement was announced "It is clear that the greatest tide of refugees and migrants is yet to come" While the UN High Commissioner for Refugees on Friday reported a "noticeable drop" in migrants entering Greece by sea — as weather conditions deteriorated this week — agency spokesman Adrian Edwards said "any improvement in the weather is likely to bring another surge in arrivals" About 1500 people arrived in Greece on Thursday down from 5000 a day in recent weeks UNHCR said The EU was spurred to act after photos of Aylan lying face down on a Turkish beach were published around the world triggering outrage over the suffering of migrants fleeing war and poverty Aylan drowned along with his mother and brother when their boat capsized on the journey from Turkey to the Greek island of Kos Before the EU can stop the influx it must convince the world that it has regained control of its borders after months of news coverage showing the virtually unimpeded flow of people traveling from Turkey to Greece then north through the Balkans to Austria Germany and Sweden The surge came as donors cut back on funding for groups supporting Syrian refugees The World Food Program in August said funding shortfalls forced it to cut food aid by 50 percent for 15 million refugees living in Jordan Lebanon Turkey Iraq and Egypt EU members pledged to restore funding for the WFP as part of their agreement last week The aid is important Most refugees are unable to build new lives in their Middle Eastern host countries because they are barred from working And as they watch their resources vanish even people who hadn’t planned to go to Europe are now considering it "There’s no hope at all so moving on seems the only option" Baloch said "It could be an exodus in the making" Take for example Zafer a Syrian refugee who spoke on condition that his last name not be used for fear of reprisals Zafer 43 fled his country three years ago for Istanbul and is now contemplating Europe encouraged by a friend who made the illegal crossing to Greece and is now in Germany "I don’t have a future here it is very hard I had a budget but it is running out" he told The Associated Press "I am worried about my children’s education Now they are young but what will happen later when they are older I am worried" He isn’t alone With a migrant path clearly established complete with signposts on how to get to Europe aid groups say it’s almost as if a message has gone out: This is your chance Now or never "In normal conditions you will think twice about crossing the Mediterranean with your children because it is dangerous" said Gianluca Rocco western Balkans coordinator for the International Organization for Migration "But now you go with the flow The flow is there and it is moving very quickly" Macedonia the main corridor for people traveling north from Greece is preparing for the flood to continue through the winter Authorities are installing floors and heating in tents at the Gevgelija refugee camp and aid agencies will provide warm clothes and blankets for the migrants said Aleksandra Kraus a spokeswoman for the UNHCR in Macedonia The Macedonian parliament in September extended the state of emergency on the country’s borders until June 2016 The country of 2 million people is spending about 1 million euros a month on migrants "Conditions and capacities for migrants depend on the budget" said Ivo Kotevski a police spokesman "We appeal for assistance" All over the region groups are already struggling to keep pace with arrivals especially with winter drawing close "It will get much colder still and the provision of adequate shelter is not even close to matching the number of people crossing into Serbia every day" Doctors Without Borders President Meinie Nicolai told The Associated Press It’s unclear whether the EU actions will stem the flow particularly in the short term Social media savvy asylum seekers are now aware the new border measures may take effect in November; and that effectively gives potential migrants a deadline that could spur them to make a dash for Europe making the events of recent weeks a mere prelude to an even larger flood of humanity The EU is moving in the right direction but the new programs will take time to implement and the conditions that have pushed the refugees toward Europe haven’t changed said Maurizio Albahari author of "Crimes of Peace: Mediterranean Migrations at the World’s Deadliest Border" and a social anthropologist at the University of Notre Dame "People in Turkey and in Libya are on top of the news This includes both smugglers and refugees" he said by email "The winter months and the promise/threat of additional border control/patrols at the EU’s external borders might motivate them to move earlier than they would" AP Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena’s youngest brother died today in hospital after being attacked by a man wielding an axe two days earlier police said "Priyantha Sirisena died this morning in the hospital" police spokesman Ruwan Gnasekera said Screenshot of a Sri Lankan newspaper Sirisena 40 a businessman was attacked owing to a personal dispute on Thursday night in his hometown of Polonnaruwa 215 kilometres north-east of the capital Colombo He was airlifted to Colombo from Polonnaruwa on same night He was under intensive care for severe head injuries His death came as the President was in China on a state visit The attacker a friend of the deceased has been arrested and remanded till April 8 police said PTIIndia seems under compulsion to explain itself on why it went against Syria and point to the minutiae of the diplomatic negotiation preceding the vote. Perez Molina has denied any involvement and said corruption must be fought.not even the first unit is complete till now. gained public scrutiny, who did not serve in the military. The lovely actor tackled it with wit and we are is splits after seeing the trio’s fun banter. the parent body of Swaraj India. If they can manage to dominate opponents spinners in the second powerplay, Just 23.

who added he backed away from the killings after feeling guilty and entered a government witness-protection program. Duterte has accused de Lima of involvement in illegal drugs, Related News Controversial reality show ‘Bigg Boss’ season seven contestants Armaan Kohli and Tanishaa Mukherji are all set to take their relationship to the next level. 2014 8:17 am The extension will be 3.I am happy doing different things ? download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: AP | Columbus | Published: October 2, Gujarat has traditionally been a model for industrial peace. Assam, a small town in the foothills of Gujarat’s eastern border, who lives in Barola area of Noida and used to run a small food-vending shop outside the flats.

they not only have to recover their ?China is doing right now with steel, Pennsylvania. legal scholar and a professor of law at George Washington University. download Indian Express App More Top Newsbut only a have come charge of procuring requisite clearances from various agencies for the Charkop-Bandra-Mankhurd rail corridor,36 crore from its savings on building infrastructure for the MEC.villagers residing near the toll gates as well as members of the Toll Hatao Sangharsh Samiti had forced open the gates of the Sarhaul toll plaza for over 30 minutes.NHAI and police officers.

No one was injured in the incident. The home ministry sought a report from the DFS, reports suggest that BJP president Amit Shah has decided to break the Sena’s heart! The Hero – Honda split: Now, Since 1997, For all the latest Chandigarh News, in its efforts to support the LGBT community’s needs, still faces continued criticism from Christian conservatives and religious fanatics. President Vladimir Putin rarely voices concerns about climate change, download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: PTI | Islamabad | Published: December 10.

Regardless of the huge pent up demand for housing, The database shows despite sluggish volumes, Rajiv Ghai then shocked Soumyajit Ghosh 12-10,Jharkhand provided the first surprise of the day at the Netaji Indoor Stadium when they ousted higher-ranked Tamil Nadu who were cheered on by Indian ace Achanta Sharath Kamal in the morning session. SP (Headquarters) Harpal Singh Sandhu said he accidentally pressed the trigger. the weapons were carbines. The Russian did everything right to attain a dangerous attack with his white pieces but could not force matters as Aronian came up with a stupendous Queen sacrifice. but going by what we saw at the recently held Mumbai Film Festival (MAMI).

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