FranceEurope – Central Asia January 23, 2008 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Lawyers want “defence secret” case against journalist withdrawn for violating free expression News Follow the news on France Help by sharing this information Read the previous press release The lawyers of journalist Guillaume Dasquié, who was charged last month with “compromising a defence secret” and was held for 34 hours in an attempt to make him reveal the source of a leak, are going to request that the proceedings against him be voided on the grounds that they violate free expression and the confidentiality of journalists’ sources.“We support this initiative by Dasquié and his lawyers, especially as it explicitly invokes the principle of freedom of expression as the reason for having the charges withdrawn” Reporters Without Borders said. “The French courts will have to decide if the proceedings against him are in line with French law and the legal precedents set by the European Court of Human Rights, especially as regards the protection of journalists’ sources.”The organisation added: “Investigative journalism is doomed if sources are not protected. This is why French legislation must evolve and why this principle must be incorporated into the 1881 press law. We have approached the government on this issue and we are working with it to fill this gap.”Dasquié told Reporters Without Borders that in the past fortnight he has had access to the report of the preliminary investigation into his case. The approximately 2,000 pages of the report consist largely of details of phone calls he made and received.Co-founder and editor of the political news website Géopolitique.com and a commentator for Le Monde and France Info, Dasquié was arrested on 5 December and held for 27 hours at the Paris the headquarters of the Directorate for Territorial Surveillance (DST), an intelligence agency. June 4, 2021 Find out more News June 2, 2021 Find out more RSF_en Receive email alerts FranceEurope – Central Asia News RSF denounces Total’s retaliation against Le Monde for Myanmar story May 10, 2021 Find out more “We’ll hold Ilham Aliyev personally responsible if anything happens to this blogger in France” RSF says Use the Digital Services Act to make democracy prevail over platform interests, RSF tells EU Organisation to go further During this time, he was pressured to say how he obtained a copy of a “confidential defence memo” for “strictly national use” written in 2000 or 2001 by the General Directorate for External Security (DGSE), France’s CIA equivalent, which summarised what the French intelligence services then knew about Al-Qaeda. Dasquié quoted from the report in an article in the daily Le Monde on 17 April headlined: “The French knew a lot about 9/11.” News
More from newsCairns home ticks popular internet search terms3 days agoTen auction results from ‘active’ weekend in Cairns3 days ago10-12 Lark Close, Clifton Beach“It is on level land, so there is no steep driveways or terraces.“The owners want to downsize and so are reluctantly putting it on the market.“They fell in love when they bought the land around four years ago and have thoroughly enjoyed living in the area in one of the most sought after places in Clifton Beach.”An island-bench, servery and bi-fold windows complete a modern and well-equipped kitchen which opens onto a dining room.An ionised freshwater swimming-pool affords privacy sitting in the midst of three sides of the house and can be viewed from several spaces in the home.Airconditioning has been installed throughout the home, as has a high-capacity solar-system, capable of drastically reducing energy costs.Walk-in robes, a double-garage with ample storage facilities, security-screens, a completely fenced yard, remote-controlled electric gate, Intercom, an outdoor-shower beside the pool and an extensive irrigation system complete the tale of a beautifully crafted property. 10-12 Lark Close, Clifton BeachMr Frohlich said Clifton Beach was one of the most beautiful Coral Sea destinations and just minutes away from neighbours Palm Cove to the north and Kewarra Beach to the south.The beachside appeal, close to work, schools and other amenities could prove the perfect choice for buyers new to the region.“The region provides multiple choices of restaurants, bars and cafes, golf courses, tennis courts, shopping centres as well as a variety of shops, trades and medical practitioners; this well-balanced infrastructure and amenities covers all needs,” Mr Frohlich said.“The International Airport Cairns and the CBD can be reached in less than half an hour.“James Cook University and Smithfield, with a wider range of shopping facilities, brewery and access to the Tablelands via the Kennedy Highway, is just a few minutes away by car or public transport.” 10-12 Lark Close, Clifton BeachA LIFE of quiet luxury awaits the new owners of a prestigious and elegant property set in the hills along Cairns’ popular northern beaches.A timeless and open style of architecture shows off the building’s best assets and immerses the property in its pristine natural environment. 10-12 Lark Close, Clifton BeachSet on 4246sq m of parklike gardens, the urban congestion of the Captain Cook Highway will certainly seem like hours away.Raine & Horne Palm Cove senior sales and marketing agent Gunther Frolich said the 355sq m Clifton Beach property was built just three years ago and features four bedrooms and two bathrooms.“A spacious state of the art master-bedroom, two offices and an open-plan living area with an artfully integrated, switch-operated, open gas-pebble fireplace provides the home with flair and a warm ambience,” he said.“The owners have loved the very large patio positioned at the rear of the property – the outlook is just gorgeous.
India’s woman boxer M C Mary Kom on Saturday claimed a historic fifth successive World Championship title, beating Steluta Duta of Romania 16-6 in the final in Bridgetown (Barbados).Mary Kom, who competed in the 48kg category, had defeated Alice Kate Aparri of Philippines 8-1 in semifinal on Friday to assure herself of at least a silver in the sixth edition of the competition.The former Khel Ratna awardee from Manipur thus remained the only boxer to have won a medal in each edition of the World Championship.Duta had defeated Kazakhstan’s Nazgul Boranbayeva 10-5 in the semifinal.
Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Apr 3 2019New research, published in Obesity, has found that people with obesity are not only stigmatized, but are blatantly dehumanized.Obesity is now very common in most of developed countries. Around one third of US adults and one quarter of UK adults are now medically defined as having obesity. However, obesity is a complex medical condition driven by genetic, environmental and social factors.Previous research has suggested that people often hold stigmatizing and prejudiced views about obesity.This new research conducted at the University of Liverpool, led by Dr Inge Kersbergen and Dr Eric Robinson examined whether stigmatizing views about obesity may be more extreme than previously shown. The research examined whether people believe that individuals with obesity are less evolved and human than those without obesity.Methods usedAs part of a recognized research approach employed in a number of other studies, more than 1500 participants, made up of people from the UK, USA and India, completed online surveys to indicate how evolved they consider different groups of people to be on a scale from 0-100.The researchers also recorded the BMI of those completing the survey to find out whether blatant dehumanization of obesity was more common among thinner people and investigated whether blatant dehumanization predicted support for health policies that discriminate against people because of their body weight.ResultsParticipants on average rated people with obesity as ‘less evolved’ and human than people without obesity. On average, participants placed people with obesity approximately 10 points below people without obesity. Blatant dehumanization was most common among thinner participants, but was also observed among participants who would be medically classed as being ‘overweight’ or ‘obese’.Related StoriesUranium toxicity might have caused obesity and diabetes in Kuwait, finds new studyResearchers find link between maternal obesity and childhood cancer in offspringResearch team receives federal grant to study obesity in children with spina bifidaPeople who blatantly dehumanized those with obesity were more likely to support health policies that discriminate against people because of their weight.Eric Robinson, a Reader at the University of Liverpool, said: “This is some of the first evidence that people with obesity are blatantly dehumanized. This tendency to consider people with obesity as ‘less human’ reveals the level of obesity stigma.”It’s too common for society to present and talk about obesity in dehumanizing ways, using animalistic words to describe problems with food (e.g. ‘pigging out’) or using images that remove the dignity of people living with obesity. Obesity is a complex problem driven by poverty and with significant genetic, psychological and environmental components. Blatant or subtle dehumanization of any group is morally wrong and in the context of obesity, what we also know is that the stigma surrounding obesity is actually a barrier to making long-term healthy lifestyle changes.”Inge Kersbergen, now a research fellow at the University of Sheffield, said: “Our results expand on previous literature on obesity stigma by showing that people with obesity are not only disliked and stigmatized, but are explicitly considered to be less human than those without obesity. The fact that levels of dehumanization were predictive of support for policies that discriminate against people with obesity suggests that dehumanization may be facilitating further prejudice.”Since: https://news.liverpool.ac.uk/2019/04/03/people-with-obesity-often-dehumanised-study-finds/
Source:https://www.york.ac.uk/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 4 2019Researchers at the University of York have shown that regulations on smokeless tobacco are still lacking, despite 181 countries agreeing to a common approach to controlling the demand and supply.The study, published in The Lancet Oncology, highlighted that of the 181 countries using the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), only 138 define smokeless tobacco in their statutes and 34 countries have so far reported levying tax on smokeless tobacco products.Just six countries check and regulate the content of smokeless tobacco products while only 41 mandate pictorial health warnings on these products.Related StoriesStudy: Tobacco and alcohol usage are common in British reality television showsCo-use of cannabis and tobacco associated with worse functioning, problematic behaviorsStudies show no evidence of fall in cigarette consumption due to WHO’s FCTCProfessor Kamran Siddiqi, from the University of York’s Department of Health Sciences, said: “Smokeless tobacco is particularly popular in Asia and Africa and includes chewing tobacco as well as various types of nasal tobacco.”They contain high levels of nicotine as well as cancer producing toxic chemicals, making head and neck cancers common in those who consume smokeless tobacco products.”Women are a particularly high-risk group, as cigarette smoking is less social acceptable in females in parts of Asia and Africa, resulting in smokeless tobacco being a popular alternative.”We found that there is a policy implementation gap in smokeless tobacco control, highlighting the need for increased global efforts to reduce the use of the products to catch-up with the progress made in curbing cigarette consumption.”Researchers, funded by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) are now working to establish a new global health group to address smokeless tobacco use in South Asia. The team will bring together researchers from around the world to critically assess policy and develop interventions to address the problems caused by smokeless tobacco, particularly in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan.Professor Ravi Mehrotra, Director of the Indian Council of Medical Research’s National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (ICMR-NICPR), India, said: “Smokeless tobacco use is a public health concern in Southeast Asia, and beyond and requires a comprehensive approach to deal with the challenges identified in this study.”The WHO FCTC Global Knowledge Hub on Smokeless Tobacco at ICMR-NICPR is committed to assisting in implementing the key recommendations in order to reduce the significant health burden.”
Not having genetic testing has serious implications: it puts women at risk for future cancers, leaves family members unaware, and limits future reconstructive options.” Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Jul 2 2019For women with breast cancer who opt for breast reconstruction using a tissue flap from the abdomen, gene testing for high-risk mutations should be performed before surgery, concludes a report in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).Although only a small percentage of patients will test positive for BRCA or other high-risk mutations, genetic testing should be considered for all women in whom unilateral (single) mastectomy and abdominal-based free-flap breast reconstruction (FFBR) is planned, according to the study by Erez Dayan, MD, of Brigham & Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School and colleagues.Genetic testing before FFBR lowers costs, avoids repeated surgeryThe study included 160 women with breast cancer who underwent single (unilateral) mastectomy followed by abdominal-based tissue breast reconstruction between 2007 and 2016. This approach to breast reconstruction uses a flap of tissue from the patient’s abdomen. Some women choose this autologous reconstruction approach, rather than implant-based breast reconstruction.Based on a personal or family history of breast cancer, 111 women met guidelines for genetic testing before mastectomy and breast reconstruction. For women with BRCA mutations, breast cancer risk is approximately five times higher than in women without a mutation. Some of these high-risk women will undergo “preventive” mastectomy to reduce their risk of breast cancer.In the study, only about 56 percent of of patients who met criteria for genetic testing were actually tested. Testing was also performed in 10 percent of women who did not meet criteria.At an average follow-up of about six years, three patients developed cancer of the opposite breast. All three of these women proved to have a high-risk mutation that could have been detected by genetic testing before surgery.Related StoriesSartorius launches new ambr 250 modular bioreactor vessel for cell and gene therapy applicationsRevolutionary gene replacement surgery restores vision in patients with retinal degenerationScientists reveal insights into how a common Alzheimer’s risk gene disrupts brain cellsThus in the total experience of 160 patients, 1.9 percent were diagnosed with harmful mutations after reconstruction, which led to a second mastectomy and reconstruction. “These subsequent cancers resulted in additional surgeries after the patients had completed multi-staged reconstructions, carrying psychosocial and financial burdens for patients and increased costs for the healthcare system,” Dr. Dayan comments.If the women had known they were at high risk, they might have chosen to undergo risk-reducing mastectomy and reconstruction. That’s especially important before abdominal-based tissue breast reconstruction, because the abdominal donor site can only be used once.The researchers also looked at the cost-effectiveness of expanding genetic testing for breast cancer. While testing all patients would have increased costs, it would have avoided the additional costs of treating the second cancers, reducing total costs by about $260,000. Dr. Dayan and co-authors note that insurance companies sometimes deny coverage for genetic testing for breast cancer risk, but that the costs of testing have decreased in recent years.The study “supports the notion that genetic testing should be offered to all patients for whom unilateral abdominal-based tissue breast reconstruction is planned,” Dr. Dayan and colleagues conclude. “Plastic surgeons should take an active role in discussing with patients and their care providers the implications of genetic testing in these cases.”Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Editor-in-Chief Rod J. Rohrich, MD, agrees with the recommendation to test for high-risk gene mutations before surgery with breast reconstruction using an abdominal tissue flap. In a video commentary, he states: Source:Wolters KluwerJournal reference:Dayan, E. et al. (2019) Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer Susceptibility Should Be Offered before Unilateral Abdominally Based Free Flap Breast Reconstruction. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005693.
A passenger walks past an Emirates Airline logo at Dubai International Airport on October 10, 2018 © 2018 AFP Emirates airline profit more than doubles on cargo demand Emirates Airline on Thursday posted an 86 percent drop in half-year profits as the Middle East’s leading carrier was hit by a hike in oil prices and currency devaluations. Explore further The Dubai-based airline in a statement its net profit in the six months to September 30 was also impacted by other challenges and expected tough months ahead.Emirates said it recorded a profit of just $62 million in the first half of the 2018-2019 fiscal year compared with $452 million in the same period last year.”The high fuel cost as well as currency devaluations in markets like India, Brazil, Angola and Iran, wiped approximately 4.6 billion dirhams ($1.25 billion) from our profits,” said Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al-Maktoum, chairman and chief executive of Emirates Group.Emirates, one of the world’s biggest airlines, said fuel costs rose by 42 percent compared with the same period last year.The company, which flies to more than 150 destinations, said the cost of fuel amounted to a third of its expenses.Emirates is the world’s largest operator of Airbus A380s with more than 100 of the superjumbos in its fleet.”The next six months will be tough, but the Emirates Group’s foundations remain strong,” Sheikh Ahmed said in a statement.In the six months to September 30, the airline carried 30.1 million passengers, a rise of three percent on the last fiscal year, the company said.Emirates’ revenues were 10 percent higher than the previous year at $13.3 billion.”We are proactively managing the myriad challenges faced by the airline and travel industry, including the relentless downward pressure on yields and uncertain economic and political realities in our region and in other parts of the world,” said Sheikh Ahmed.Profit for the Emirates Group, which also includes Dnata, a leading air services provider, was also down by 53 percent to $296 million. Citation: Emirates Airline half-year profit slides 86% on oil hike (2018, November 15) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-emirates-airline-half-year-profit-oil.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
In order for self-driving cars to hit the streets, more people may need to concede that machines can outperform humans, at least in some tasks, according to Penn State researchers. In a survey, people who had no trouble believing that machines can outperform humans—also called posthuman ability—were more likely to accept the presence of driverless cars on the highway. The findings may help carmakers design self-driving cars, as well as help policy makers better understand the factors behind the acceptance of autonomous vehicles, a concept that has caused considerable debate, according to S. Shyam Sundar, James P. Jimirro Professor of Media Effects and affiliate of Penn State’s Institute for CyberScience (ICS).”There are two camps—one camp is very strongly in favor of these kinds of smart technologies, such as self-driving cars, and the other, which has grave concerns about giving control to machines, especially for vital tasks like this,” said Sundar, who is also the co-director of the Media Effects Research Laboratory at the Donald P. Bellisario College of Communications.According to the researchers, some people have a knee-jerk reaction that gives them faith in the effectiveness of computers and machines. That faith carries over to systems that can drive cars, said Sundar, who worked with Andrew Gambino, a doctoral candidate in mass communication.”In this study, the strongest predictor for accepting self-driving cars was posthuman ability, the belief that computers can surpass humans in this particular task,” said Gambino, the lead author of the study. “We have come to a point now where we should no longer be talking about machines approximating humans in their ability, but, rather, outperforming humans. In the sense of safety, in reliability, in doing tasks without becoming tired, there are many arguments to be made that machines have transcended human abilities.”Posthuman ability had about twice the effect on the acceptance of self-driving cars as other beliefs found significant in the survey, such as the idea that self-driving cars are cool, or a person’s general openness toward new technologies.The strength of the posthuman effect may allow designers to re-envision the interiors of self-driving cars, according to the researchers. Steering wheels, which have been standard in cars for more than a century, could be eliminated to make room for interactive devices or interfaces, the researchers suggested. If you believe that machines can out-do people in certain activities, you might be more likely to accept self-driving cars on the roads — and that may lead to new interior design changes for these vehicles, according to Penn State researchers. Credit: PXHere Citation: Believing machines can out-do people may fuel acceptance of self-driving cars (2019, May 9) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-believing-machines-out-do-people-fuel.html Provided by Pennsylvania State University “Designers may need to think in a different way, for example there’s no need to design in-car and dashboard interfaces based on what a human driver would normally use,” Sundar said. “Keep in mind, the participants also say they like the agency and convenience of autonomous vehicles and they do like the fun aspect as well, so the designer might want to add features on the dashboard that can bump up those things, including gamifying the transportation experience.”In lieu of traditional features and design elements that involve human interaction with the automobile (e.g., manual transmission clutch, pedals, hand-brakes), this space might be better utilized by systems that improve communication between the user, automobile and connected automobiles, according to Gambino.”For example, a graphical user interface that is tailored to self-driving cars might include information that visually situates the vehicle within the entire transportation system, showing other vehicles, speed, traffic, accidents and risk areas,” he said.The ability to communicate driver intent can enhance the individual’s sense of control, particularly in “high-stakes” moments, according to the researchers.”The removal of traditional features may heighten a sense of danger, but the design of interactive features that enhance driver agency and communicate the ability of self-driving cars may be practical solutions to improving their acceptance,” Gambino said.The belief in computer superiority has shaped interactions between humans and computers in the past, according to Sundar. For example, most people are no longer leery about using an electronic calculator to find the answer to a challenging math problem because people accept that calculators can perform better than humans at the task, Sundar said.The researchers, who report their findings today (May 8) at ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems held in Glasgow, U.K., also found that the men in the survey were more likely to accept self-driving cars than women. They added that liberals, compared to conservatives, were significantly more accepting of self-driving cars.The researchers also found that certain beliefs and assumptions will lower acceptance of self-driving cars. The fear that autonomous cars are dangerous, or the idea that they are just creepy, significantly increased the likelihood that a person would not accept self-driving cars.For the survey, the researchers recruited 404 participants through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, an online crowdsourcing website frequently used in studies. The participants filled out a questionnaire that sought demographic information and contained a series of questions about self-driving cars. Participants could also add comments to the researchers’ open-ended questions for additional reasons for accepting self-driving cars. Expectation versus reality in the acceptance of self-driving cars Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.